The 10 most important space missions to watch in 2023

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Space Mission 2023

Space missions each year tend to focus on a few topics that are especially interesting at the time. For example, in the history of science, space missions have focused on the Moon when interest in its discovery was high, but Mars and even space tourism have also been important.

Read more: NASA’s Artemis I mission to the Moon

In 2022, many space missions were aimed at going to the Moon. At the same time, a lot of money was spent developing the technology that would allow people to go into space as tourists. Now that a new year has started, people seem to be more interested in the world of metal, learning more about Jupiter, and making breakthroughs on the Moon.

Also read: How to watch the Artemis I launch attempt?

Here are the 10 most important space missions that will happen in 2023.

Artemis II

How soon is too soon to get excited about #Sagebrush I? 🌙

Check the flight path of @NASA_OrionThe next mission to the Moon. ⬇️

— Lockheed Martin Space (@LMSpace) January 3, 2023

NASA’s Artemis program began last year. He sent an unmanned spacecraft on a trip around the Moon. This isn’t the first time people have gone to the moon, but it’s the first time they’ve done it this way. On the Artemis II mission, it is planned to make this trip again in 2023, but this time with people on board. The astronaut corps has already been reduced to 18 people who meet the requirements to be part of the crew. Four people are expected to make this trip around the Moon.

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Stratospheric Astrophysics Telescope for high spectral resolution observations at sub-millimetre wavelengths

The ASTHROS mission, whose name is shorter and easier to remember, will focus on finding out why some galaxies have stopped forming new stars.

Jupiter’s Icy Moons Explorer

This mission, called JUICE, will depart in April from the European spaceport in French Guiana. It will take three years to study Jupiter and its three icy moons, Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa.

First orbital launch of Starship

How reusable rockets work.#STAR #reusablerockets

— AI (@Chat_GTP) January 1, 2023

SpaceX, Elon Musk’s company, is known for carrying out experiments without much planning. In 2023, hopes are high for what the company will do next. One of your jobs will be to send your next Starship into space, which will be able to take people to the Moon and Mars.

polaris dawn

The goal of the first tourist spacewalk, Polaris Dawn, is to make tourists feel like they’re really in space. To that end, the mission will make history as the first commercial spacewalk, led by billionaire Jared Isaacman and an entirely private crew.

Tropospheric Emissions Pollution Monitoring

NASA will measure pollution every hour in North America as part of a project called TEMPO.

New rocket companies

In 2023 there will be new rocket companies in addition to the ones we already know. Like the Vulcan Centaur, made by the United Launch Alliance, and the New Glenn, made by the space company Blue Origin. There could also be a role for new, smaller rockets that are made to carry lightweight satellites into Earth orbit. This project is being carried out by two American companies, Relativity and ABL Space Systems. This is a big change for space technology, which is increasingly tied to the private sector.

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Hunting for the asteroid Psyche

The asteroid Psyque-16 in the asteroid belt is worth thousands of times more than the global economy, due to the large amount of pristine metals such as iron, nickel and gold. Its estimated value is around 10 thousand quadrillion USD. The #POT plane send missions. #TecMovistarBlack

— OSCAR EDUARDO VEGA #SecretWars (@OSEDVEGOZ) November 25, 2022

This year, NASA intends to examine Psyche, a metallic asteroid that, after a review phase revealed last year, is set for launch in October from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The mission will travel to and examine the 225-kilometre-long asteroid, which is made mostly of iron and nickel. This will be the first time the spacecraft has come into contact with a metallic asteroid.


The goal of this ship is to bring rocks and soil from the Bennu asteroid to the Utah Test and Training Range so they can be studied there. If the ship is still healthy after this, it will embark on a new mission to study other asteroids. The samples will tell us about the history of our solar system and about asteroids that could be heading towards Earth.


China is preparing to send its powerful space telescope, Xuntian, into space. This likely won’t happen until later this year, 2023. During its planned 10-year mission, this tool will send data to the Chinese space station and survey 40% of the sky with its 2.5 billion-pixel camera.

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