What does the history of laws to prevent ‘conversion’ in the country say?

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What does the history of laws to prevent 'conversion' in the country say?

Know from the news that the implementation of the law against love jihad was mentioned in Yogi Adityanath’s Speech by UP CM Yogi Adityanath, know how this issue has been dealt with since a century. Discussed among legislators.

Ever since the Uttar Pradesh Government (UP Government) announced a law to stop ‘forced conversion’ under the guise of marriage, the discussion on it has been hot ever since. On a political level, the practice of ‘Love Jihad’ is becoming mainstream in the law, which is why people of secularism oppose it. But do you know that the anti-conversion laws in India have a history of more than a century? And how did it get to its current form?

The Yogi Adityanath government of Uttar Pradesh has implemented such a law, so the Shivraj Singh Chauhan government of Madhya Pradesh has also said to enact a similar law. After this, the Haryana government also said these kinds of things. Overall, Love Jihad remains a hot topic of debate across the country. But the most important thing in this debate is whether or not the debater knows the history associated with such a law.

Before the story, know that there are nine states in India against the conversion to Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. There are some differences in the rules depending on the states, but generally speaking their design is the same. There are provisions ranging from fines of Rs 5 to Rs 50,000 for imprisonment from one to three years in various states for breaking the law.

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Some states have stricter laws in SC/ST cases. According to the news, recently implemented law in Uttar Pradesh, imprisonment for up to ten years is possible. Now you know how the history of the laws against conversion was from the beginning.

There was a war under British rule.

It is said that when Vasco da Gama reached the edge of Calicut in India in 1498, he found that there were around 2 lakh Christians in the Kerala region. Later, when the British Raj was established, the British government initially gave no consideration to missionaries. But the missionaries had to be allowed in 1837 after pressure in the British Parliament.

The company had turned a blind eye to the anti-religious conversion law in the face of the British Raj, which enacted a law against practices like Sati and called itself progressive. The Bombay Parsis had first petitioned against conversion to Christianity through missionaries, but no action was taken on the matter. But, in the 1930s and 1940s, many royal princely states enacted laws against conversion.

These laws were made for the purpose of “protecting Hinduism from Christian missionaries”, some of which were the Raigad State Conversion Act of 1936, the Surguja State Religion Act of 1942, the Prohibition of the 1946 Udaipur state religion etc.

Efforts at the national level after independence At the level of the whole country, after independence, there were efforts to make laws through Parliament, but this could not happen. In 1954, such a bill was introduced, which would have required missionaries to register for conversion, but this bill did not pass. Subsequently, in 1960 a bill was introduced to stop the conversion of backward castes from Hinduism to Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Zoroastrianism.

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In 1979, a bill on religious freedom was again introduced in Parliament, which spoke of the prohibition of conversion from one religion to another. In the same 1979, on March 29, there were strong protests against this bill, in which around 1 lakh people took to the streets. Not only this, in 2015, the NDA government again attempted to enact a nationwide anti-conversion law, but the government’s Ministry of Justice rejected the idea, saying it was a matter of states’ jurisdiction.

The states strove

The first two states to enact such a law were Odisha and Madhya Pradesh. After the enactment of this law in Odisha in 1967 and MP in 1968, the Religious Freedom Act was enacted in 1978 in Arunachal Pradesh. However, in 2018, the Pema Khandu government tried to stamp it out because the law in the state has become a mere plate of food.

Along with this, a controversial law was enacted in Tamil Nadu in 2002 but was also abolished in 2004. When the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi was the Chief Minister of Gujarat, an anti-conversion law was enacted in Gujarat in 2003. Such laws they were enacted in Himachal Pradesh in 2006 and in Uttarakhand in 2008.

What has the Supreme Court said? In 1977, the Revd. Stanislas, a herdsman from Raipur, challenged the related Madhya Pradesh law, on which the Supreme Court had said that conversion is not a fundamental right and states can make their own rules and regulations on the matter.

This law, made in Congress governments too, seems such an atmosphere in the present times that right-wing ideological parties like BJP are getting more interested in such a law, but in many states, the laws related to conversion were made when they came. Congress governments. force. I was in In Madhya Pradesh, this law came to the Legislative Assembly during the tenure of the Congress government, but it was passed when a government was formed out of Congress. Chhattisgarh adopted the Madhya Pradesh law. This law was made during the Congress government led by Virbhadra Singh in Himachal.

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Categories: Spirituality
Source: condotel.edu.vn

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