World Prematurity Day: 5 Ways Of Taking Care Of Your Premature Infant At Home

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World Prematurity Day: 5 Ways Of Taking Care Of Your Premature Infant At Home

World Prematurity Day is a reminder of the challenges that premature babies and their families face. As medical advances continue to improve the survival rates of premature babies, the path of caring for a premature baby often goes beyond the hospital. Nursing a premature baby in the comfort of your own home requires special care and attention. In this article, we will explore five key strategies to create the perfect environment for your premature baby’s growth and development.

1. Cultivate a tranquil and serene home environment

Premature babies often experience a more heightened sensitivity to any external stimuli, which is why it is important to ensure quiet surroundings to ensure their well-being and healthy development. Dedicate an exclusive spare in your home where any external noises and disturbances can be minimized and blocked out. Make sure that this dedicated space has very soft lighting and is painted in muted colours to create an atmosphere as soothing as possible. Avoid exposure to bright light and loud sounds so your baby is never overwhelmed as their sensory systems are very delicate in this stage. 


Investing in a white noise machine is proven to be extremely beneficial in masking external sounds, providing a consistent, calming background noise that mimics the womb environment, where infants are surrounded by the gentle, rhythmic sound of the mother’s heartbeat.

2. Embrace Kangaroo care

Kangaroo care, or skin-to-skin contact, is a very potent method to foster the physical and emotional development of your premature baby. All you need to do is hold your baby against your bare breast, allowing them to absorb the warmth and comfort of your skin. The practice helps to regulate your baby’s body temperature and also nurtures a sense of security and closeness. 

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Make sure that you initiate skin-to-skin sessions on a regular basis and gradually increase the duration as your baby becomes more accustomed to the experience. This close connection allows a robust parent-child bond and contributes to the holistic well-being of your premature infant.

World Prematurity Day

3. Employ gentle feeding techniques

A premature baby needs to be fed with care, which calls for a careful approach that takes time and focus. Because premature babies frequently struggle with underdeveloped sucking and swallowing reflexes, nursing or bottle-feeding becomes more difficult. Work with your healthcare provider to determine the best feeding plan based on your baby’s individual requirements. 

If direct latching is difficult during breastfeeding, consider using a breast pump to extract milk. This meets your baby’s feeding needs while guaranteeing the supply of vital nutrients found in breast milk. Using special nipples made for premature babies during bottle-feeding may be necessary to ensure a slow and regulated milk flow.

It is important to feed your baby carefully, paying attention to their cues and taking breaks if you notice that they are getting tired. Feeding time must be a calm and caring process that promotes healthy associations with food.

4. Monitor developmental milestones

Since premature babies frequently reach developmental milestones at their own rate, it is important to pay attention to their unique needs. Pay close attention to your baby’s development of motor skills, cognitive abilities and growth. Make sure to prioritize routine scheduled consultations with your pediatrician to be able to ask any questions or voice any concerns you may have.

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To strengthen the muscles in your baby’s neck and upper body, encourage short periods of tummy time. Gradually keep increasing the duration as your baby gets more accustomed to this routine. Use toys and activities that are age-appropriate to facilitate their curiosity and encourage sensory exploration.

Be patient and celebrate every small achievement, recognizing that premature infants may require more time to get to certain milestones. Also, early intervention services, such as physical or occupational therapy, can prove beneficial in supporting your baby’s development and addressing potential challenges.

World Prematurity Day

5. Establish a consistent routine

Formulate and practice a consistent daily routine to make room for stability for your premature baby. This will help with fostering a sense of security and grounding for you and your baby. Set up a regular schedule for feeding, sleeping and playtime, customizing it to your baby’s individual needs and preferences. Consistency in routine contributes to the cultivation of healthy sleep patterns and aids in regulating your baby’s biological clock.

Ensure open and easy communication with your baby’s healthcare team. This allows alignment between your routine and your baby’s developmental milestones and any specific medical recommendations. As your premature grows, remain adaptable, making adjustments to your routine as per requirement to best suit your baby’s evolving needs.


Taking care of a premature baby at home is all about a mix of love, patience and special attention. Creating a peaceful atmosphere, trying out kangaroo care, using gentle feeding methods, keeping an eye on developmental milestones and sticking to a regular routine, these steps help build a strong foundation for your little one’s growth and happiness.

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As we mark World Prematurity Day, take a moment to appreciate the incredible resilience and strength of premature infants and their families. It is a reminder of how crucial continuous support and care are, in nurturing these precious beginnings.

About the author: Dr. Devi Prasadh PM is a Consultant Neonatologist and Pediatrician, MBBS, MD, DM Neonatology, Rainbow Children’s Hospital, Sholinganallur. All views/opinions expressed in the article are of the author. 

Categories: Tips & Tricks

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